Garden Flowers

Garden Flowers

Learn the basics about flowers for your garden

Having a flower garden is not only a terrific way to liven up and enhance the beauty of your property, but can be a rewarding hobby as well. You can unleash your creativity by choosing different types and colors of flowers and transform your garden into a canvas of expression. Here are some ideas to use towards starting your own flower garden at home.

Perennial Flowers

Perennials live for about two to four weeks each season and come back each season. They are great for beginners because you only have to plant them once and they'll grow back each year. It's important to have different flowers that bloom at different times (and hopefully overlap) so that your garden isn't barren for a long stretch of time between new blooms; mixing them with compatible annuals like cosmos, nigella or blue saliva is a great way to keep your flower garden looking lively throughout the season.

Annual Flowers

As their name implies, annuals tend to bloom for a full season. You can plan out your flower garden by placing the annuals in strategic places to compensate for any perennials that may come and go. Some other annuals include impatiens, spider flower and Brazilian verbena.

Biennials

Of the three types of flowers we're covering on this page, biennials require the most effort; they only grow leaves the first year they are planted and bloom in the second and die away. However, biennials are also among some of the most amazing flowers and help to add the 'wow' factor to your flower garden. Some examples of biennials include foxgloves and hollyhocks.

Other Flower Garden Ideas

To add even more variety to your flower garden you can consider climbing vines and ornamental grasses. Vines are great if you have a trellis or arbor for them to climb. A perennial favorite climbing vine is the clematis. Ornamental grasses on the other hand are great for the whole year, flowering in the fall and changing color to add an interesting element for a winter garden.

Flower Fertilizers

Fertilizers (also known as soil amendments) are used to help nourish plants and flowers by supplying the main macronutrients necessary for healthy plants: phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium along with varying degrees of sulfur, magnesium, calcium, boron, iron, ink, copper, chlorine, manganese, selenium and molybdenum.

A complete garden fertilizer includes the following nutrients:
  • Nitrogen: It helps to develop the green and leafy parts of a plant, a lack of this nutrient will result in pale yellow leaves and stunted growth. Too much nitrogen on the other hand can delay the growth of fruits and flowers. N is the chemical symbol for nitrogen used on fertilizer packaging.


  • Phosphorus: Promotes root and stem growth along with fruiting and flowering. When garden plants have insufficient amounts stems and leafs may have a reddish-purple color to them. P is the chemical symbol for phosphorus used on fertilizer packaging.


  • Potassium: Enables plants to withstand outside stresses such as extra weather, disease or even human and pet traffic. It stimulates flower color and encourages the formation of strong roots and tubers, keep your perennials strong year after year. K is the chemical symbol for potassium used on fertilizer packaging.

Remember, it is possible to have too much of a good thing; over fertilization can be just as deadly to plants as not having enough. Make sure that you follow all instructions prior to applying soil amendments to your garden.