Alstroemeria

Alstroemeria

Also known as: Peruvian Lily

Originally grown in the heat of South America, alstroemeria was named after the Swedish botanist, Baron Klas von Alstroemer, who introduced the variety to Europe. He brought back these seeds and many others from a trip to South America in 1753.

The plant is very beautiful with a long, leafy stem topped with delicate colorful blossoms Alstroemeria is used a lot in florists' bouquets. The height of the plant varies from an Alpine height of about 12 inches up to 48 inches, depending on the conditions. It tends to flower in the late spring or early summer. The foliage is a medium to dark green with long, pointed leaves. The flowers may be striped and the blossoms' colors range from orange, pink, white, salmon, rose, red, yellow and purple.

Growing Alstroemeria

The plant is excellent as a cut flower and lasts a long time in water. Plant alstroemeria in a well-drained soil, in a place where it can receive the full morning sun and some shade in the afternoon. The planting time for this flower is in spring, when the night frosts have gone. The seed should be planted in a 12-inch hole. However, the plant is hardy – it can withstand temperatures down to 23 degrees Fahrenheit before it shows signs of injury. Be warned – this plant can be extremely invasive. If you neglect its care, it can spread everywhere. Alstroemeria does not divide well.

Recommended Varieties:

There are 50 alstroemeria varieties, and they remain a fairly popular flower for weddings. Some popular white varieties include "Bianca", "Casablanca" and "Paloma". If you're looking for a nice container flower, you can try "Princess Angela" or "Freedom". Any variety of alstroemeria will spread well and bloom copiously in a garden setting.

Landscape Design Tips

It's best to Plant alstroemeria in a spot where it will receive sun in the morning and shade in the afternoons. The plant looks wonderful in a container garden setting, but it needs to have fairly moist soil to grow. Do not place alstroemeria in direct sunlight, as it will dry out the soil and wilt the leaves.

Gardening Zones

Alstroemeria grows well in Zones 4, 5, 7, and especially well in 8, 9, 10, and 11.

Problems & Pests:

The plant can be riddled with aphids, whiteflies, mites and thrips, and it can exhibit fungal spots and root, stem and collar rot. Rarely, you may find it can have cankers, wilts, and diebacks.